Methodology for Formation and Inventory of Air Pollutants in Agricultural Enterprises
Development of agricultural sector increases public welfare, economic and food safety, and export capacities of a country. Yet, agricultural sector is a most risky economic sector, as its performance is affected by a wide range of nature and biological factors. Improvement of the ecological safety system, existing in Ukraine, needs to be a priority political area on the basis of system analysis and with account of current transformations in the economy and public governance.
The objective of the study is statistical analysis of methodological framework for inventory of air pollutants emissions from agricultural enterprises; analysis of the official statistical observation on air protection. It is emphasized that the official statistical observation on air protection records emissions of pollutants and greenhouse gases from production and technological processes, technological facilities (units) according to the recommendations of UN Statistical Commission on Air Emissions Inventory. Main sources and types of emissions from plant growing, agricultural soils and animal husbandry are analyzed.
It is concluded that reporting and inventories of air emissions from all the agricultural enterprises enables official statistical bodies to make statistical analysis of air emissions in plant growing and animal husbandry, to supply users with complete and reliable ecological information. Also, information of the official statistical observation on air protection is used to measure the density of emissions from stationary polluting sources per 1 km2 and per capita, to group emissions from enterprises by sector according to the universal reporting format of UN Framework Convention on Climate Change.
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