Cyberphysical Systems: The Fundament of Smart Economy
The article deals with the key technological trends underlying cyberphysical systems. The questions of constructing the smart industry as a cyber-physics system are described in their context the, barriers and risks are described in the transition to smart technologies in the economy and ways of overcoming them.
The combination of the Internet and material things forms new opportunities for managing the physical world, including devices, factories and infrastructure that determine the modern economic landscape. The next 10 years of Internet of Things can radically change the manufacturing industry, energy, agriculture, transport and other sectors of the real economy, accounting for almost two thirds of world GDP. Due to the processes of digitization, such transformations will have far-reaching consequences in terms of redistribution of resources and markets of the present world.
Technically, the smart industry integrates advances in the field of physical devices with advances in the field of information and communication technologies, which results in the formation of cyber-physics systems. For Ukraine, the special significance of smart industry is also determined by the fact that its traditional industry is currently in crisis, and the new “smart” industry has not received enough attention from the state. In the developed plan, the government’s priority actions in the Ukrainian economy for the period up to 2020 are smart industry (Industry 4.0, Internet industry, advanced digital production, etc.), unlike US, China, EU countries and other industrial leaders in general not considered, especially as a national strategic investment.
The possibilities of using cyber-physics systems in various branches of economy and socially important systems are described. Examples of smart manufacturing are presented in modern conditions of Ukraine.
2. Wolf W. (2009). Cyber-physical systems. Computer, 3, 88–89.
3. Lee J et al. (2013). Recent advances and trends in predictive manufacturing systems in big data environment. Manufacturing letters, vol. 1, no 1, 38–41.
4. Ivanov S. V.. Vishnevskiy A. S. (2017). Elektronnyye platformy kak instrument modernizatsii ekonomiki Ukrainy [Electronic platforms: an instrument for modernization of the Ukrainian economy]. Visnyk ekonomichnoi nauky Ukrainy – Bulletin of Ukrainian Economics, 1, 47–53 [in Russian].
5. Koliadenko S. V. (2106). Tsyfrova ekonomika: peredumovy ta etapy stanovlennia v Ukraini ta sviti [Digital economy: background and phases of formation in Ukraine and beyond]. Ekonomika. Finansy. Menedzhment: aktualni pytannia nauky i praktyky – Economics. Finance. Management: vital issues of theory and practice, 6, 105–112 [in Ukrainian].
6. Meshko N. P., Sazonets O. M., Dzhusov O. A., Pyroh O. V., Sardak S. E. (2012). Stratehii vysokotekhnolohichnoho rozvytku v umovakh hlobalizatsii: natsionalnyi ta korporatyvnyi aspekty [Strategies of high tech development in the context of globalization: national and corporate aspects]. Dnipropetrovsk Oles Honchar National University. Donetsk: Iugo-Vostok [in Ukrainian].
7. Korovaichenko N. Yu. (2017). Peredumovy intehratsii Ukrainy do yedynoho tsyfrovoho rynku Yevropeiskoho Soiuzu [The background for Ukraine’s integration to the single digital market of the European Union]. Efektyvna ekonomika – Effective economy, 6. Retrieved from http://www.economy.nayka.com.ua/?op=1&z=5648 (date of access 20.01.2019) [in Ukrainian].
8. Kit L. Z. (2014). Evoliutsiia merezhevoi ekonomiky [Evolution of the network economy]. Visnyk Khmelnytskoho natsionalnoho universytetu. Ekonomichni nauky – Bulletin of Khmelnitsk National University. Economics, 3(2), 187–194 [in Ukrainian].
9. Malyk I. P. (2013). Tendentsii rozvytku informatsiinoi ekonomiky v Ukraini [The tendencies in the information economy development in Ukraine]. Visnyk Skhidnoievropeiskoho universytetu ekonomiky i menedzhmentu – Bulletin of East-European University of Economics and Management, 1(14), 25–34 [in Ukrainian].
10. Inklaar R., Timmer M. P., B. van Ark (2008). Market Services Productivity across Europe and the U.S. Economic Policy, 23(53), 139–194.
11. Vyshnevskyi V. P., Viietska O. V., Harkushenko O. M., Kniaziev S. I., Liakh O. V., Chekina V. D., Cherevatskyi D. Yu. (2018). Smart-promyslovist v epokhu tsyfrovoi ekonomiky: perspektyvy, napriamy i mekhanizmy rozvytku [Smart industry in the era of digital economy: prospects, directions and mechanisms of development]. V. P. Vyshnevskiy (ed.); NAS of Ukraine, Institute of Industrial Economy. Kyiv [in Ukrainian].
12. CFE Media. Digital Report: IIoT. Consulting-Specifying Engineer Media, 2016.
13. McKinsey Global Institute. The internet of things: mapping the value beyond the. McKinsey & Company, 2015.
14. McKinsey Global Institute. The world at work: Jobs, pay, and skills for 3.5 billion people. Executive Summary. McKinsey & Company, Inc., 2012.
15. World Economic Forum. Industrial Internet of Things: Unleashing the Potential of Connected Products and Services. Cologny/Geneva, Switzerland: World Economic Forum, 2015.
16. Platonov V. V. (2007). “Paradoks Solou” dvadtsat let spustya ili ob issledovanii vliyaniya innovatsiy v informatsionnykh tekhnologiyakh na rost proizvoditelnosti [“Solow paradox” twenty years after, or studying the impact of innovation in information technologies on productivity growth]. Finansy i Bisnes – Finance and Business, 3, 28–38 [in Russian].
17. Brynjolfsson E., McAfee A., Spence M. (2014). New World Order: Labor, Capital, and Ideas in the Power Law Economy. Foreign Affairs, vol. 93, no 4, 44–53.
18. McKinsey Global Institute. А future that works: automation, employment, and productivity. McKinsey & Company, 2017.
19. Heacock M., Kelly C. B., Asante K. A. et al. (2016). E-Waste and Harm to Vulnerable Populations: A Growing Global Problem. Environmental Health Perspectives, 124(5), 550–555.
20. Смарт-холдинг [Smart holding]. Retrieved from https://uk.wikipedia.org/wiki/%D0%A1%D0%BC%D0%B0%D1%80%D1%82-%D0%A5%D0%BE%D0%BB%D0%B4%D0%B8%D0%BD%D0%B3 (date of access 30.01.2019) [in Russian].
Abstract views: 262 PDF Downloads: 150